It’s an anguish that Melbourne clinical psychologist Stephanie Tan-Kristanto often sees in her office.
“I work with a lot of people who sometimes really struggle with feeling like they’re a hypocrite or inconsistent,” says Tan-Kristanto, director of the Australian Clinical Psychology Association. “It can be really distressing to sort of go, ‘Oh, I consider myself a generous person or a loving person, but then I did this. And what does that mean about me?’
“But we’re allowed to be both,” she says. “We’re allowed to have had difficult interactions and feel unhappy with some of this person’s behaviour and also be really sad or still really care about that person. It’s like with kids, or with your husband, you can be pissed off at him sometimes and you can love him [still].”
To deny ourselves this complexity, she says, is to deny what it means to be human.
“We’re all allowed to have multiple emotions,” says Tan-Kristanto. “This idea that we have to be 100 per cent consistent and therefore be 100 percent committed to this view, that [someone] is all good or all bad, just diminishes who we are and our relationship with people.”
Not to mention the fact that blaming other people for things that go wrong is an inevitable result of being human, says Elkins.
“Humans desire control, it gives us some semblance of security and safety,” she says, adding that this is why we often seek blame elsewhere, for something that has gone wrong.
At the same time, most people also suffer from “over-confidence” in evaluating their own skills or intelligence, making it even easier for us to blame others.
“Almost 80 per cent of people think that they’re better than average drivers,” says Elkins. “So, surely that’s not true because only 50 per cent can be better [than average drivers].” But over-confidence is a protective evolutionary strategy that helps us navigate the world, she says.
“[So] criticising others sometimes comes really naturally,” she says. “It’s often easier than criticising ourselves. When we’re scapegoating someone, in this case, Meghan Markle, it kind of feels empowering.”
She has a suggestion for those who feel, after someone’s died, that they perhaps judged them too harshly to their loved ones. “Perhaps that last moment is to focus on the things that actually went right when they were there for you,” she says. “If you’re talking about mother-in-laws [for instance], you obviously fell in love with their son or daughter. There has to be good things in that person that you [see] reflected back in them, that make you understand where they [your partner] came from.”
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