She served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service and trained as a truck driver and mechanic.
Princess Elizabeth driving an ambulance during her wartime service in the A.T.S. (Auxiliary Territorial Service), 10th April 1945. Credit: Bryn Colton/Getty Images
Love and heartbreak
As a teenager, Elizabeth had met Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, and in 1947, after almost a decade of correspondence, the pair married at Westminster Abbey. The princess was 21 and Philip, 25.
Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip wave from the balcony of Buckingham Palace, London, on their wedding day in 1947. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images
Two of their children – Charles and Anne – were born before a visit to Kenya, New Zealand and Australia in 1952 – and it was then that everything changed.
Her father died suddenly in his sleep aged 56 and Princess Elizabeth, at 25, four years older than her sister Margaret, was next in line to the throne.
Elizabeth returns to London from Kenya as Queen on 7 February 1952 following the death of her father King George VI. Credit: Keystone/Getty Images
It was a hasty and heartbreaking return home for a young woman who was now queen.
Queen of the Commonwealth
Much of Britain shared the moment too as it was the first time a coronation was televised.
Queen Elizabeth II during her coronation at Westminster Abbey in 1953. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images
The following year, The Queen and Prince Philip spent six months touring the world.
An estimated three-quarters of Australia’s population of almost nine million people turned out to see her.
Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip drive past cheering crowds on Sydney’s George St in 1954. Source: AP / AP
The Queen had two more children, Andrew and Edward, and became the most widely travelled monarch in history, visiting every continent on earth.
If she wasn’t travelling she was hosting world leaders at Buckingham Palace, including at extravagant state banquets.
Baby Prince Andrew perches on Prince Philip’s lap during a picnic on the grounds of Balmoral Castle. Also pictured are Queen Elizabeth, Prince Charles, and Princess Anne. Credit: Bettmann/Bettmann Archive
Thirty thousand guests each year, including Commonwealth citizens, were also invited to a range of special garden parties.
And the message was all about helping others; the Queen was a patron for more than 600 charities, including military, medical and animal organisations.
The Queen with US President Joe Biden at Windsor Castle in June 2021. Credit: Pool/Samir Hussein/WireImage
“I often draw strength from meeting ordinary people doing extraordinary things: volunteers, carers, community organisers and good neighbours; unsung heroes whose quiet dedication makes them special,” she said in one Christmas Day address.
I often draw strength from meeting ordinary people doing extraordinary things.
Queen Elizabeth II, 2016
From the annual Trooping the Colour to Royal Ascot, people of all ages embraced the monarchy under Elizabeth’s reign, but her popularity was tested in 1997.
The Queen knights 100-year-old Captain Thomas Moore after he raised millions of pounds for health care services during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. Credit: Pool/Max Mumby/Getty Images
Following a public outcry, she made a national address in which she paid tribute to her daughter-in-law.
(left to right) Prince Charles, Prince Harry and Prince William examine floral tributes left outside Kensington Palace following the death of Princess Diana in 1997. Credit: Anwar Hussein/WireImage
The British royal family continued to expand – and her brood of great-grandchildren grew with it.
Members of the royal family watch the Trooping the Colour parade from the Buckingham Palace balcony in 2017. Credit: James Devaney/WireImage
But the changing family dynamic ushered in an unexpected development. Prince Harry along with his wife Meghan Markle stepped back from senior duties and later went public with damaging accusations of racism within the royal family.
She was forced into isolation with her husband in Windsor Castle but remained in the public eye. A rare TV address – only the fifth of her reign – offered hope.
The Queen with Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, Prince William Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge in 2018. Source: Getty / WPA Pool
“Together we are tackling this disease, and I want to reassure you that if we remain united and resolute, then we will overcome it, ” she said.
COVID-19 restrictions meant Prince Philip’s funeral was as he wanted it; without too much pomp or ceremony.
Queen Elizabeth at the funeral of her husband, Prince Philip, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 17 April 2021. Credit: WPA Pool/Getty Images
Government regulations also saw The Queen sitting alone during the service, an image which resonated with the thousands of families who were forced to honour loved ones in a similar way.
She soon returned to work, with video calls from Windsor Castle, and before long she was back meeting world leaders.
Queen Elizabeth II with then Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison at Windsor Castle in June 2021. Credit: Steve Parsons/PA
After a short hospital stay, she addressed the COP26 climate summit virtually, reflecting on her own mortality.
“Of course, the benefits of such actions will not be there to enjoy for all of us here today: none of us will live forever,” she said. “But we are doing this not for ourselves but for our children and our children’s children, and those who will follow in their footsteps.”
The Queen delivers a video message to the COP climate conference in Glasgow in November, 2021. Ill health prevented her from attending in person. Credit: Handout/Buckingham Palace via Getty Imag
Her absence was felt a week later at one of the most important days on her calendar, with health reasons forcing her to cancel her appearance at Remembrance Sunday commemorations.
In 2022, Queen Elizabeth celebrated her Platinum Jubilee – 70 years on the throne. She was the longest-reigning British monarch, surpassing the 63-year reign of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria.
The Queen handed her duties at the opening to Prince Charles and Prince William, with Charles reading her speech and Charles and William jointly opening parliament.
Queen Elizabeth II on 2 June 2022 in London. Source: Getty / WPA Pool/Getty Images
Her health had been in decline and this week she cancelled a virtual meeting with senior ministers after being advised to rest by her doctors.
Her eldest son Charles, now 73, automatically becomes king of the United Kingdom and the head of state of 14 other realms including Australia, Canada and New Zealand. He will be known as Charles III.
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