Iranian authorities say that Amini died from a heart attack and have denied accusations that she suffered blows to the head while being taken to a detention facility. Her family, which has not responded to requests for comment, has told news outlets that she was healthy at the time of the arrest.
The protests that have swept the country are one of the most daring displays of defiance of the government’s religious and social restrictions in years, according to analysts and rights experts.
“The anger on the streets is palpable,” said Jasmin Ramsey, director of communications at the Centre for Human Rights in Iran, a New York-based non-profit organisation, adding that the protests were a “culmination of the past five years where all facets of society — labourers, teachers, retirees, university students and average people everywhere — have been trying to call for an end to the crisis of impunity in Iran despite violent state repression.”
The demonstrations have largely been spontaneous and leaderless, she said, and had probably been inflamed by the photos and videos circulating across social media showing extraordinary scenes across the country, including women risking arrest by symbolically removing and burning their hijabs in public. Many have rallied on social media with hashtags in Persian referring to the death of Amini.
In the city of Kerman, in the south-east, one video showed a woman cutting her hair while sitting on a utility box in front of a roaring crowd. In the south, in the city of Shiraz, another showed an older woman shouting at a security officer, “If you think you are a man, come and kill me.” And one showed university students gathering on campuses in Tehran chanting “Killings after killings, to hell with morality police!”
“These are all acts that are punishable by law,” Ramsey said in a phone interview, referring to the videos. “They’re showing a serious challenge to the Islamic Republic in their chants and the amount of people that are in the streets,” she added.
Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Tehran late on Tuesday, setting fire to tires and shouting “Death to the dictator,” and “Life, liberty and women,” according to a witness.
Tehran’s governor, Mohsen Mansouri, said on Wednesday that foreign agents had hijacked the demonstrations and were fuelling violence in the streets.
Witnesses said it was clear that the protests were getting broad support from people with a long litany of grievances after struggling under oppressive rules and economic hardship.
Some Iranian protesters lashed back at security forces, chasing them down the street with rocks. In Isfahan and Tehran, protesters set fire to police cars and motorcycles, and in Kerman they encircled a police officer and beat and kicked him to the ground, videos showed.
At least seven people have been killed in cities in Kurdistan, Amini’s home province in the northwest of the country, according to Hengaw, a human rights group, which posted names and photos of victims online.
They were killed by “direct fire by Iranian security forces,” the group said in a statement posted to its website. At least 450 people had been injured and at least 500 were arrested in protests in cities across the Kurdish province, the group said.
The Iranian media reported that Raisi, spoke at the UN General Assembly in New York on Wednesday, told Amini’s family Sunday that he had ordered an investigation into her death.
“Your daughter is like my own daughter, and I feel that this incident happened to one of my loved ones,” he said.
The protests were not addressed by Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who gave a speech at an event on Wednesday commemorating veterans of the Iran-Iraq war. In an effort to curb the backlash, a representative of the supreme leader visited Amini’s family home, according to the state media.
“All institutions will take action to defend the rights that were violated,” the adviser, Abdolreza Pourzahabi, said in the state media. “As I promised to the family of Ms Amini, I will also follow up the issue of her death until the final result.”
This article originally appeared in The New York Times.
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